In 1976, the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act was signed into law and the federal government began to actively manage fisheries within the United States’ Exclusive Economic Zone (water three to 200 miles offshore). Federal fisheries are managed by NOAA‘s National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce and advised by eight Regional Fishery Management Councils.
In Alaska, NMFS manages federal fisheries based on recommendations from the North Pacific Fishery Management Council (one of the eight regional councils). Fishing in waters within three miles of the coast is generally managed by the State of Alaska via the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, and the State also manages fisheries in a few instances in federal waters as well.
The North Pacific Fishery Management Council has long been known for its cutting edge policies to sustainably manage fisheries. AMCC works to continue to uphold this tradition of sustainability, while still recognizing and addressing existing problems within federal fishery policy as it applies to Alaska. To learn more about how AMCC is involved in federal fisheries policy, please visit our pages on:
- The Magnuson-Stevens Act
- The North Pacific Fishery Management Council
- Reducing Bycatch
- The Fisheries Observer Program
- The Gulf of Alaska Catch Share Program
- Bering Sea Halibut Bycatch
- Protecting Habitat
- Kodiak Tanner Crab Protection
- Reducing Chinook Salmon Bycatch