NORTH PACIFIC FISHERIES MANAGEMENT COUNCIL
The North Pacific Fishery Management Council (NPFMC) is one of eight regional fishery management councils that advise the Secretary of Commerce on federal fisheries policy in the U.S. The council system was put in place via the Magnuson-Stevens Act in 1976. The NPFMC, whose jurisdiction is the Exclusive Economic Zone or EEZ (3-200 nautical miles offshore) of all waters off the coast of Alaska, is advisory to the Secretary of Commerce and NMFS, who is ultimately responsible for regulating the fisheries. The Council’s management primarily focuses on groundfish in the Gulf of Alaska, Aleutian Islands, and Bering Sea, including cod, pollock, flatfish, sablefish, rockfish, and mackerel species harvested by trawl, longline, jig, and pot gear. The Council works with the International Pacific Halibut Commission to make allocation decisions for halibut. For other large Alaskan fisheries such as salmon, crab, and scallops, the Council and State of Alaska jointly manage these resources.